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How To Recognize Dog Grand Mal Seizures Symptoms

Grand Mal Seizures in Pets

Dog grand mal seizures symptoms can vary depending on what kind of seizure a dog is having.  If your dog has a seizure you should pay close attention to the symptoms and how long the seizure lasted so you can describe the event to your veterinarian.

Partial Seizures

Partial seizures are seizures that only affect one area of your dog’s body, or one side or your dog’s body.  These seizures are usually less dramatic than other kinds of seizures.  They are often caused by a brain lesion.

Generalized Seizures

Generalized seizures come in two forms:  petit mal seizures and grand mal seizures.  Petit mal seizures do not cause convulsions but the dog may lose consciousness.  Your dog may simply appear to collapse.

The dog seizure symptoms for grand mal seizures are much more dramatic.  They are probably what most people think of when they think of “seizures.”  Grand mal seizures are much more common than petit mal seizures.  The dog usually falls over on his side and has uncontrollable muscle activity that may include kicking his legs or paddling them.  The dog usually salivates or drools profusely.  And the dog may urinate and defecate involuntarily.  Your dog is unaware of you and of his surroundings.  He doesn’t know what he’s doing.

Epilepticus Status Type Grand Mal Seizures

grand mal seizures

The final form of seizures is called Epilepticus Status or simply Status.  In this kind of seizure the dog actually has one of grand mal seizures followed by another, without having time to recover from the previous seizure.  The dog may be in a state of seizure for hours.  Seizures are not usually life-threatening unless they reach this state.  If your dog is in Status you should call your veterinarian immediately for help.

These are the actual symptoms of seizures in dogs.  However, you may have warning signs that your dog is about to have a seizure, if  you know what to look for.  There are phases of a seizure.

Pre-Seizure:  The pre-seizure stage is called the “aura.”  During this time before a seizure your dog may seem restless.  He may pace and look to your for petting and affection.  He may drool or salivate.  He may whine or look for a hiding place.  These signals usually occur just a few minutes before a seizure begins.  Of course, your dog may also behave this way for other reasons.  A dog sensing a thunderstorm, for example, may show similar behavior, so you have to know your dog.  You may not recognize these symptoms if your dog has never had a seizure before.  However, if your dog has had a seizure you may learn to predict an oncoming seizure by noticing these symptoms.

Ictus:  Ictus is the name of the seizure itself.  During this stage your dog may seem excited.  He may vomit, drool, salivate.  He may run in circles and have uncoordinated movement.  He may ultimately collapse.  The ictus phase usually lasts for less than five minutes.

Post-Ictal:  The post-ictal phase is the time after the seizure.  This is the recovery period.  Your dog may be disoriented and uncoordinated during this time.  He may even be temporarily blind.  This period may last from several minutes to several days.

If your dog has the grand mal seizures you should make sure that he is lying comfortably on the floor.  Remove any hard or sharp objects that he could hurt himself on.  Clear children and pets out of the room.  Place a pillow or rug under your dog’s head.  Then keep clear of your dog’s mouth and head. Your dog may not be aware of his surroundings or you and he could accidentally bite you.  Observe him carefully during the seizure.  See if his entire body is affected, how long the seizure lasts, and other details in case you need to describe the event to your vet.  If your dog has a single seizure that lasts for less than three minutes it is not usually necessary to call the vet, though you can if it will make you feel better to discuss it.  However, if your dog has more than one of the grand mal seizures you should make an appointment to see your veterinarian.

Remember that dog seizure symptoms do not always indicate that your dog has epilepsy.  There are sometimes other underlying veterinary health problems.  In many cases if the underlying condition is treated, the seizures will stop.

Grand Mal Seizures Guidance & Strategies

The most effective and best way you will be able help you and your family be prepared and accept grand mal seizures is by studying and studying much more about them. So have a look at more posts on our grand mal seizures site.

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